There are many species of house-infesting nuisance ants common to the Midwest. The most common are: pavement ants, field ants, citronella ants, and pharaoh ants. Ants are very social insects that live in colonies and are divided into castes (specialized groups that take care of specific tasks). There are reproductive castes, the queens and males, and non-reproductive castes, the workers.
Queens: Usually larger than the largest individual in the colony. She has wings until after her mating flight and her primary function is laying eggs.
Males: Also winged, their only function is to mate with the queen.
Workers: Sterile and wingless, the workers are responsible for nest building, defending the nest, and caring and feeding of all the other colony members.
Most ants establish new colonies by swarming. Normally in the spring and summer, mature ant colonies generate large numbers of winged ants (males and young queens) in hopes of establishing new colonies and are often times confused with swarmer termites.
Most ant problems can be controlled through the use of baits or sprays. Baits (when applicable) are the most efficient means of control, because the baits are carried back and fed to the other members of the colony, resulting in colony elimination. Winged reproductives are not interested in eating and must be controlled with liquid formulations and/or dusts.
If you are experiencing problems with any type of household nuisance ant please call us at Monroe Pest Control Company, Inc. for a free inspection and estimate!